The Comic Intermezzo

Why diets backfire: A year or more after weight loss.

But in societies where calorific foods are never in short supply, these adaptations have worked to the detriment of dieters. Moreover, in people who have become obese, there’s growing suspicion that these responses become harder to override. In recent years, researchers have found evidence that obesity makes the brain more deaf to some of the gut’s satiety signals, and more keenly attuned to signals of hunger. The new research offers some validation for that surmise. To study the effects of weight loss in 35 obese subjects severely, Norwegian researchers helped them lose close to a tenth of their weight. They provided dietary advice, exercise psychotherapy and coaching during several three-week stays at a wooded retreat in eastern Norway. All the subjects had a body-mass index greater than 42 at the outset of the study.The study’s deeper understanding into Parkinson’s disease suggests a fresh target for therapies for patients using the debilitating condition. Researchers express their results, published in Annals of Neurology, are surprising because the results change from what continues to be seen in research of brain locations that harbor other mind cell-types. Dr. Joanna Elson, a mitochondrial geneticist at Newcastle University or college, stated: Our research is a significant stage forwards in getting an enhanced understanding into the significant condition.